Why is it that the word is on the tip of the tongue but can't remember?

(This report is taken from MIT Press Reader)

Sometimes we have a word or a name in our mind but we have to try hard to remember it, it may not be a sign of lack of memory, and there is an easy way to avoid it.

Have you ever had a hard time remembering someone's name? Maybe a picture of that person is forming in your mind at that time and if any of your friends give any hint of his name, you will recognize his name immediately.

Although most of the problems are in memorizing names, the same is true of memorizing a word. It's not that you have trouble remembering an idea, but that you don't remember the right word.

Problems with finding words are common, especially in middle-aged or older people. Failure to remember the correct name or word in this way can sometimes be about the names or objects with which we are usually very familiar.

Researchers have discovered that the words that are most difficult to remember are proper nouns or object names. Failure to remember names can last from a moment to minutes or hours and can be very irritating. The fact is that older people complain a lot about the difficulty of remembering the word when it comes to aging issues.

In such cases, a person is sure that he knows what word he is memorizing. It seems that the word that is being memorized is in some corner of the mind, trying to come to the tongue but at least not at that moment.

Psychologists call this condition the 'tip of the tongue'. But is this condition a sign of brain loss, as it seems?

Psychologists know that this condition is inevitable in a person, but they do not know when this will happen to a person.

Uncertainty in this regard opened the way for research on this condition from two angles: one by natural methods and the other by putting a person in a laboratory in case of failure to find the word.

Researchers studying the condition of the tip and the tip of the tongue have specifically tried to convert these two aspects into a quantitative condition: how often the condition occurs and how often the condition is resolved. Comes, that is, the word you are looking for is suddenly remembered without any help (no friend or other person can help you remember that word).

People who write diaries of daily affairs, in which they regularly record their 'tip of the tongue', provide researchers with data on how often they have experienced the condition and how often they have. Successfully resolved this situation.

These results show that college students experience the 'tip of the tongue' condition once or twice a week, while people in their 60s or 70s experience it a little more often. Had to

However, the study participants, who were in their 80s, experienced twice as many "tip of the tongs" as college students. The experience of this study of diaries showed that participants generally succeed in solving the 'tip of the tongue' condition, with a success rate of 90%.

Explaining the meaning of unfamiliar words only to the participants in the dictionary will fail to find the real word for them.

We need to be a little more careful in justifying this natural experiment data. It is also possible that older people who are worried about losing their memory will record more of these conditions.

They are more serious about writing because their lives may not be as busy as those of young participants. It is also possible that participants in this experiment recorded the word 'success of memorizing' the word 'tip of the ting' more often when recording the condition, when in fact they could not remember the word they forgot so many times. ۔

In this alternative way of experimenting with word search, the 'tip of the tongue' is created in a laboratory environment. This is the method that psychologists Roger Brown and David McNeil discovered when they were both at Harvard University.

They both found that simply telling the participants the meaning of unknown words in a dictionary would make them fail to find the real word. An example of his research was a "direction-finding device, which measures the angles on the horizons of the sun, moon, and stars, especially when traveling at sea."

(If this condition causes you to have a 'tip of the tongue' condition, then the word you are looking for is a 'sextant' device.)

Most of the participants in this study could easily find the word they were trying to find. On other occasions, participants in the experiment had no idea what word was being described.

However, Brown and McNeil asked additional questions if they felt they were in the "tip of the tongue". The researchers found that while they were in this state, the participants were sharing some information about the word they were looking for, and the original word was somewhere in their minds but was not coming to their mind and They could not express it with their tongues.

For example, participants in this experiment performed better when they were asked to estimate how many syllables the word contains or what the first letter is.

And it is not surprising that when they made mistakes, they uttered words that had the same meaning as the correct word. When they were given a description of the word 'sextant', many remembered the word 'astrolabe' or 'compass'.

However, instead of the original word being searched, he also mentioned words that sounded similar to the sound of the original word. When the word "sextant" was explained, some responded with similar words "sextet" and "sexton".

If we assume that the sailors holding the 'Sextant' instrument are not members of a six-member musical group and are not diggers, then such errors show how the knowledge of these words makes a place in our memory. ۔

However, research into older people shows that the information they were given about the word they were looking for, such as the first letter of the word, was not very useful to them.

As far as problems with acquiring knowledge in old age are concerned, we can see an increase in the incidence of 'tip of the tinge', as in the case of a glass half-filled or half-empty. Is.

On the one hand, these instances of failure to find a word can be taken as evidence that a word's connection with its specific meaning is weakening, which means that in the long run Memory weakens. It is also possible that searching for a word in old age may reveal something completely different.

Donna Dahlgram, a psychologist at Indiana University Southeast in the United States, says the real issue is not age but information. Older people have more information in long-term memory, which will result in more experiences of their 'tip of the tongue' condition.

Research shows that if you continue to do 'aerobic fitness' (strenuous physical exercise that delivers more oxygen) you will have less forgetfulness.

It is also possible that having a 'tip of the tongue' condition may be beneficial for you. This may be an indication in old age that the word being searched is in knowledge but is not currently coming to mind.

Such information about 'metacognition' can also be very useful to us as it indicates that we are failing to find a word. Trying harder to find it will ultimately lead to more success.

If this is the case then maybe the tip of the iceberg is not a failure to find the word in any corner of the mind, but a very valuable source of information.

If you are an older person and are still concerned about the 'Tip of the Ting' conditions you are experiencing, research shows that 'Aerobic Fitness' can help you in this regard. Can help

So in the future, if you have trouble remembering a word, you can go around looking for it in your surroundings...

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